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Title: Teologia e Pluralismo Religioso
Título(Theology and Religious Pluralism)
Subject: Dialogue between religions, Christianity
Year: 2012
Author: Faustino Teixeira
Presentation: João Batista Libanio
Format: 16x23
Pages: 192
Publisher: Nhanduti
ISBN: 9788560990146
Faustino Teixeira. Theology and Religious Pluralism. Launching of the book, conference and debate. Nhanduti Editora 2012. Whatch it:
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Faustino Teixeira / Entrevista com o autor

Teologia e Pluralismo Religioso
(Theology and Religious Pluralism)

The theology of the 21st century finds itself in front of a fundamental challenge that can be called the welcoming of religious pluralism as an irreducible and  irrevocable value. It represents a new horizon for theology, a singular and essential paradigm that provokes a profound transformation in the dynamic of the theological self-understanding of our days. Religious pluralism is no longer understood as a passing situational phenomenon, a provisory fact, but comes to be perceived in all its richness as a pluralism by principle and of its own rights. (p. 167)
(...) Like there is the huge and rich biodiversity on our planet that needs our attention, care and will for preservation, there is also a huge diversity of the religions and spiritual options that demand a similar sympathy and attitude of welcoming. In documents of great richness and significance, the Catholic bishops of Asia are pointing firmly to the importance of this religious diversity, understood as a value that must be preserved. (p. 170)
(...) Feminist theology has contributed to overcome an exclusivist tendency of Christianity, opening space for a “notion of divinity that knows how to welcome diversities”. In this important task of criticizing the androcentrism were recuperated important reflections made in the field of Christian feminine spirituality in the end of the Middle Ages (12th to 15th centuries) when important feminine metaphors were born that led to the configuration of  a more plural spirituality. (pp. 162-3)
(...) In Latin America, the debate of a theology of religious pluralism has provoked controversies. There are Christian theological groups more tuned and sensitized to the challenges of religious pluralism and others more timorous, resistant or critical to the unfolding of this reflection. [...] But there can be no doubt that the preservation of exclusivist and even inclusivist attitudes and positions becomes today deeply problematic and bare of  plausibility. (pp. 163-4)

TttttTheology and Religious Pluralism. Pt. 1 (10:10):
Introduction to the event; presentation of Faustino Teixeira’s trajectory in making theology in the perspective of religious pluralism.

TttttTheology and Religious Pluralism. Pt. 2 (10:46):
3 paradigms that marked the theology of religious pluralism: exclusivism; inclusivism.

TttttTheology and Religious Pluralism. Pt. 3 (6:09):
3 paradigms that marked the theology of religious pluralism: inclusivism.

TttttTheology and Religious Pluralism. Pt. 4 (8:37):
3 paradigms that marked the theology of religious pluralism; inclusivism; Jacques Dupuis; Claude Geffré.

TttttTheology and Religious Pluralism. Pt. 5 (11:14):
3 paradigms that marked the theology of the religious pluralism; pluralism; Paul Knitter; John Hick; Roger Haight.

TttttTheology and Religious Pluralism. Pt. 6 (6:19):
3 paradigms that marked the theology of religious pluralism; pluralism; Asian theologians; Liberation Theology and religious pluralism.

TttttTheology and Religious Pluralism. Pt. 7 (5:50):
Debate; Frei Betto: evangelical or human values in the context of religious pluralism? Post-religious pluralism: religious people live human values; Henri Peña Ruiz.

TttttTheology and Religious Pluralism. Pt. 8 (10:24):
Debate: profundency, transparency and immanency of the mystery of God; importance of the spiritual options; human wickedness and interreligious dialogue; exclusivist language as obstacle in interreligious dialogue.

TttttTheology and Religious Pluralism. Pt. 9 (3:50):
Debate: necessity of reducing the theological language: construction of a not-belligerent language of dialogue and respect.

TttttTheology and Religious Pluralism. Pt. 10 (6:20):
Debate: Announcing the Gospel in the context of interreligious dialogue or of religious pluralism.

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João Batista Libanio SJ:

Theology in Brazil is opening its arms always wider. Already long ago, it stopped being a reflex and became a source of inspiration. The times are gone in which it reproduced the European theology nearly mechanically, in the neo-scholastic age as well as in the first breezes of post-Council modernity. In its first years of originality it met the poor, immersed in situations of domination and oppression, launching to them the cry of liberation coming from Christian faith. Thus arouse and grew the liberation theology that shaped definitely the birth of Latin-American theologies. Then came the women and brought the originality of their presence and thinking. Thus blossoms and still acts among us an excellent group of female theologians who enrich the comprehension of the Revelation with their feminine look. Also the Black and Indigenous ethnicities enriched us in our theological scenario. From the Hispanic side, the Indigenous tradition fecundated good theologians. In Brazil, black theology redeemed the religious debts with the fertile African tradition.

At the present, two areas of reflection occupy the main part of our thinking, without abandoning the already conquered perspectives of the poor, of the women, of ethnicity: ecology and the dialogue with the religions. Faustino Teixeira specialized himself in this second field and became an indispensable reference, beside his valiant and profound studies on the mystic of the different religions. With the present publication, he offers his reflections on Theology of Religions in a new, revised and expanded edition.
The picture sketched by Teixeira gives us an excellent vision of the problematic of the Theology of Religions and trains us for theology and the practice of intercultural and interreligious dialogue. The book includes also a reflection on theology and religious pluralism in Asia and Latin America. Teixeira concludes his theological considerations stating the irrevocable challenge of religious pluralism.

We are not living anymore in the times of Christendom. Religions as institutions are suffering enormous deteriorations. None of them will manage alone to find the ways to speak to post-modern people. Dialogue is a substantial contribution to the present impasse. In our present cultural moment it is necessary to realize the tension between religion and religiosity. And in front of both, Christian readers ask themselves about the role of their faith as a dialectic critical moment. It sheds light on the religions and religious expressions, but also receives from them impulses to purify and profound itself. May the reader benefit from this beautiful book when he enters into the seducing horizon of interreligious dialogue!